Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Department

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Department is committed to provide safe water and sanitation services to its target population. WASH department consists of a series of projects, based on the foundation of field tested best practices and proven capabilities. The innovative models by HANDS WASH Department are low cost, durable, socially acceptable and environmentally friendly.




Union Councils

Villages/Urban Settlement

Covered Population


Service Models

Provision of Drinking Water Services

Provision of drinking water is critical issue in rural areas where women have to fetch water from long distances. This best practice model offers construction of water supply reservoir, laying down of supply line, storage tanks and installation of shallow hand pumps as per requirement of the community.


The objectives of this model are to:

  • To provide improved drinking water to the community at their door step.
  • To reduce the hardships of women
  • To improve the health of community especially women.
  • To reduce the incidence of water borne diseases.
  • To save the labor and time of the community.

Provision of Sanitation Services

Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities.


Objectives of this program are to:

  • To provide drainage system for waste water
  • To provide toilet facilities to the communities.
  • To promote Open Defecation Free (ODF) environment
  • To improve health and hygiene conditions.
  • To improve the aesthetic view of the locality.
  • To reduce prevalence of diseases caused by absence of sanitary system.

Water Treatment

Water treatment is any process that makes water more acceptable for a specific end-use. The end use may be drinking, industrial water supply, irrigation, river flow maintenance, water recreation or many other uses, including being safely returned to the environment.


Objectives of this program are to:

  • Treat surface water and ground water for drinking purpose.
  • Provide safe and clean water for drinking.
  • Minimize the incidence and prevalence of water borne diseases

Through medical camps health services could be provided for specialized /specific management as well as for general. The specific management camps include family planning programs, diabetes, eye treatment and surgeries (cataract) etc. The general issues treated at the camp include antenatal, postnatal, diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, skin infections, eye infections and measles etc.

Hands Washing Services

The most crucial component to encouraging hand washing is to make sure the hand-washing facilities are conveniently located, clean and properly working. Hand drying should also be taken into consideration. Carefully respect the habits of users when installing hand-washing facilities. The location (i.e. spot, height, etc.) The best Practice model of WASH Program is based on community need


The Objectives of Ambulance Service are to:

  • To promote hand washing habits in community especially children.
  • To promote prevention of diseases
  • Caused by contaminated hands.
  • To improve health and hygiene in the community.

Solid Waste Management

Waste management or waste disposal are all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal. This includes amongst other things collection, transport, treatment and disposal of wastes together with monitoring and regulation. It also encompasses the legal and regulatory framework that relates to waste management encompassing guidance on recycling.


The objectives of this model are to:

  • Reducing the quantity of toxic and hazardous chemicals and materials acquired, used, or disposed-off by the agency and maintaining waste recycling programs
  • To Provide efficient and economical way of reuse of collections through recycling.
  • To Reuse and Recover the materials from waste.

Community Led Total Sanitation

Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is based on the principle of triggering collective behavior change. In this approach, communities are facilitated to take collective action to adopt safe and hygienic sanitation behavior and ensure that all households have access to safe sanitation facilities. This approach helps communities to understand and realize the negative effects of poor sanitation and empowers them to collectively find solutions to their sanitation situation. In the process, the community is sensitized of the consequences of poor sanitary practices, commits itself to finding own solutions, and finally is liberated from open defecation.


The objectives of this model are to:

  • To create receptive environment for the adoption of improved practices in personal hygiene, safe handling of food and water as well as safe component and disposal of excreta waste

HANDS Contribution in Sustainable Development Goals

Success Story

Open Defecation Free – A challenge to Health, Equity and Dignity

Open defecation is a serious threat on sanitation health and dignity

In Pakistan, 25 million people still practice Open Defecation and women are the ones who are the worst affected. The death toll from diarrheal diseases shows that 53,000 Pakistani children under five die annually from diarrhea due to poor water and sanitation.

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