Livelihood Enhancement

Livelihood Enhancement Department

Livelihood Enhancement Department was initiated in 1998 focusing on the Development Projects of communities through income generation opportunities, skills enhancement and overall improvement in livelihood of underprivileged. This department has quite extensive activities divided in two components i.e. on-farm and off-farm.




Union Councils

Villages/Urban Settlement

Covered Population


Service Models

Livelihood Enhancement (Agriculture)

The on-farm livelihood component promotes natural resource management, work for food security, and income generation for the underprivileged communities. These activities enhance the livelihood of people through agricultural interventions, provision of livestock, poultry & fish farming, transfer of assets, promotion of horticulture, and social forestry. The program also provides capacity building training to the beneficiaries.

Small Agri-farms

Small agriculture farms are developed for the promotion of NGM seeds, fruits, vegetables, and other cash crops for income generation. These farms are developed through farmer groups with the technical support of concerned government departments. All crops are cultivated as per defined agriculture standards. Farmers’ capacity is built through field activities and training for better land management increased agricultural output and marketing. Capital cost is provided by HANDS for cultivation and profit is distributed among the farmer groups on equal sharing.


The objectives of this model are to:

  • Organize farmers’ groups.
  • Promote NGM seeds.
  • Build capacity of small farmers.
  • Increase production of vegetables, fruits, wheat, sunflower, cotton and rice.
  • Develop marketing strategy for sale of products.


In this model the individual farmers are supported through provision of agri-inputs for cultivation according to the needs of the farmer. This support is provided to the poor small landholders, tenants, share-croppers (men/women) and female headed farming households to improve their agricultural production, food security and income generation. Support is provided to small land owners who have one or two acres of land.


The objectives of this model are to:

  • Support small landholders/needy farmers for crop cultivation through provision of agri-input.
  • Enhance crop productivity and thus income of farmers.
  • Better management of agricultural resources.
  • Improve quality of crops.
Agri-Kit for farmers

Agri-Kit for farmers

Agricultural tool kits are provided to those farmers and small landholders who need support for agricultural activities or who have lost their farming tools and other essential items during any disaster. These tool kits are designed in consultation with local farmers. A standard tool kit may include 02 hand hoes (khurpa), 02 sickles (daranti), 01 spade/shovel (belcha), 01 digger (kudal), 02 rake (kasala) and 01 axe (kulhari). Other items may include livestock water containers, feeding-boxes etc. These supports enable small landholders/poor farmers to effectively undertake their day-to-day agricultural work (weeding, hoeing, watering, managing kitchen gardens etc.).


The objectives of this model are to:

  • Provide cultivation tools to the farmers and thusimprove their productivity and income.
  • Produce better yield of timely crop.
  • Enhance capacity of the farmers.

Provision of Livestock (Goats)

Rearing of livestock is the largest socioeconomic activity in rural areas adding status and prestige to the owners and making major contribution to their diet as well. Livestock refers to cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats and poultry. In Pakistan, livestock activity is responsible for about half of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Almost all rural households have one or more of these animals. Livestock is a source of food (milk and meat) and cash returns to buy food and other household items. Goats are a very valuable resource of income for vulnerable and poor households, particularly during crisis.


The objectives of this model are to:

  • Promote livestock rearing for income generation at
    household level.
  • Increase milk and meat production for income generation of individuals.
  • Vaccinate livestock to decrease the prevalence and incidence of diseases.
  • To develop small livestock farms for income generation and food security.

Provision of Poultry Package

In this model, a package is provided to female members of the household who are involved in poultry business. Poultry is procured from local markets and vaccinated prior to distribution in the target communities to minimize the risk of bird flu outbreaks. Each beneficiary household is provided with 12 poultry birds (10 hens and 2 cocks) and 50 kg feed. This is expected to contribute towards food security and income generation for the beneficiaries by selling chickens and eggs in the local markets. Livelihood program provides feed and poultry vaccination to decrease the ratio of diseases and feed. Capacity building of the beneficiary is taken care of for the better management of maximum output from this support.


The objectives of this model are to:

  • Promote poultry rearing for income generation at
    household level with special focus on women.
  • Develop marketing strategy for sales.
  • Vaccinate poultry to decrease prevalence and incidence of diseases.
  • Develop small poultry farms at household level for income generation and food security

Kitchen Gardening

The model of kitchen gardening not only provides fresh vegetables and fruits for the families but could also generate income from the sale of kitchen garden products. This model can be practically applied in most of the rural households and is cost effective for rural communities. In this model HANDS provides support in the form of seeds, fertilizers and training of beneficiaries for gardening.


The objectives of this model are to:

  • Enable families especially women to grow vegetables for dietary/nutritional requirement as well as income generation.
  • Provide technical facilitation to beneficiaries for kitchen gardening.
  • Facilitate with seeds and equipments etc. for better output from the garden.
  • Train women of target area regarding effective growing of vegetables in the kitchen garden.
Small Agri-farms
Small Agri-farms

Small Poultry Hatchery

This model focuses on establishment of small poultry hatcheries or backyard poultry rearing. Small poultry hatchery unit is capable of hatching 50-100 eggs. The beneficiary is able to use and sell the hatched chickens in the neighborhoods. Livelihood Enhancement (on farm) has planned to establish a poultry hatchery unit at district level which is capable of hatching 10,000-15,000 eggs. The hatched chickens are distributed to poor women of the families in target area to use as food security and income generation. The beneficiaries are able to use and sell the grown up chickens in the nearby market. This mechanism involves training of beneficiaries, distribution of 10 chickens to each household for rearing, a poultry cage and one time supply of poultry feed to each family.


The objectives of this model are to:

  • Promote poultry business at household level.
  • Enhance income generation opportunities for rural women.
  • Build capacity of women in home based business.
  • Empower women through income generation opportunities.
  • Provide access to chicken meat/eggs.
  • Develop supply chain between market and beneficiaries.

Community Nurseries

The model of Community Nursery refers to social forestry. The aim is to maintain and improve ecological balance through forestation and contribute towards increasing environmental awareness along with income generation and employment. These nurseries are focused on fruits, vegetables, wood for fuel and plants for gardening. The aim of social forestry is to provide high quality seeds, plants to small and marginal farmers to increase agricultural productivity and farm earnings.
The enterprise uses a variety of activities to increase awareness about the necessity of planting trees and to increase the number and variety of trees for timber, fuel and fruit, not only to meet the basic needs but also to restore the ecological balance.


The objectives of this model are to:

  • Develop habit for home nursery.
  • Provide plantation of fruits and vegetables.
  • Provide income generation opportunities from nursery.
  • Improve environment.
Small Agri-farms

Livelihood Enhancement (Non Agriculture)

Livelihood (Non Agriculture) promotes economic empowerment with special focus on women. The objective is to make financially self-reliant, skilled and socially secure society. The program focuses on provision of skill training and establishment of community based enterprises. Through these services, the program facilitates the needy and poor communities for uplifting their socioeconomic status. Most of the best practice models of livelihood program are service as well as training based.

Livelihood Enhancement (Non Agriculture)
Interest Free Loan Scheme (IFLS)

Interest Free Loan Scheme (IFLS)

It was emphasized that these interest free loans are meant to enable men and women to undertake productive activities including microenterprises, thus improving rural and urban job creation, and economic opportunities for Pakistani women and youth. The importance of the well-defined intervention for fighting poverty is more than ever before.

Social Mobilization for Micro Finance

In this model Livelihood Enhancement program provides micro finance services to the communities in the form of groups. This is done with bank assistance to enhance capacity of group members by enabling them to identify, select, implement and manage their income generation activities. It is one of the best practices of social mobilization/group organization for poor community groups in accordance with bank policies.

Social Mobilization for Micro Finance
Model Integrated Society for Action & Learning Initiative (MISALI)

Model Integrated Society for Action & Learning Initiative (MISALI)

The organization exhibits an excellent integrated development model comprising of key programs of Social Mobilization, Gender & Development, Human & Institutional Development, Monitoring Evaluation & Research, Information Communication Resource and Advocacy, Health Promotion, Education & Literacy, Livelihood Enhancement, Infrastructure Development Energy Wash & Shelter, Disaster Management and Social Marketing The target is to achieve 20,000 model communities both in urban and rural settlements. The goal of MISALI Model villages is to relieve them from poverty, illiteracy and illnesses.

HANDS Contribution in Sustainable Development Goals

Sustainable Development Goals
NGO Pakistan
Largest NGO
skills enhancement

Success Story

Social Franchise Model for Women

HANDS has initiated a unique concept of Business in Box…. This is a step to strengthen the livelihood source and to extend the convenience for the community. This is an idea to provide business to our community based women workers to ensure the availability of daily health and hygiene related, in addition to grocery items. This has directly created a positive impact on women empowerment and convenience of the community on easy accessibility of daily use products.

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Social Franchise Model for Women