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About Integrated development approach -Case Study

 About Integrated development approach – Village Raees Noor Muhammad

Rais Noor Muhammad village is a squatter settlement situated near Hub River road in Deh Gonopas of Union Council Gabopat in Kemari Town of Karachi. Village Noor Muhammad has about 134 household and an estimated population of 1000.Thisvillage is about twenty years old and came into existence as a settlement of scavengers beside the garbage dump of Karachi city. This area had long been utilized as dumping and burning ground of waste and truck loads of garbage of whole city arrive here daily. The garbage brought here could be seen as enormous heaps in the area. The city waste is set to fire every morning and it continues throughout the day. The whole place isengulfed in smoke and smell from the burning garbage. The dwellers of this area have settled down here mainly because they earn their livelihood through selling of waste material, which they collected fromthe trash. Men, women and children of all ages areinvolved in picking garbage and the living condition of the people lived in pathetic condition.

In 2010 the site was identified by PPAF (Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund) and they approached HANDS to develop this area into a model village. HANDS possess vast experience with several service delivery and training models for community development. HANDS launched it as’MISALI’ (Model of Integrated Society and Learning Institution). This project aimed at developing it as Integrated Model of Development.

Initially a baseline survey of the area was conducted to analyze the situation and set the benchmarks for the development indicators. The situation analysis carried out in the area revealed the miserable situation. The abodes of the dwellers comprised of tattered cloth shacks with no basic amenities including water, sanitation, electricity, health and education facility etc. There were few open ponds for water storage which were being utilized both by humans and animals. None of the school going age children was at school as there was no education facility in the near vicinity. Similarly there was no health facility in the area and any trained health care provider and high infant mortality and maternal morbidity rates.

In this grave situation the first step towards development was social mobilization of the community for sustainable development and for this reason Community Based organization for men and women were formed and trained to take up the role in the development process and own it. Now there is one CBO each of men and women with 90 and 45 members respectively. Slowly but steadily things started taking shape. A master plan of the area was developed with the help of consultant and efforts were made to get the lease of the land. Through joint efforts of the team and CBO the community were able to get themselves register with NADRA and received their National Identity Cards (NIC)to be accepted as legal citizens of Pakistan.

The development of physical infrastructure started and along with provision of material for development, human resource was also developed through different trainings including knowledge and skill. An education facility was established and 3 female teachers were trained and placed in the school and today 95 boys and 75 girls are enrolled in different classes in the school.Besides this adult literacy program was also introduced to improve overall literacy in the area. Early childhood development was also ensured through establishment of child friendly spaces. Provision of health care was ensured through establishment of a dispensary and deployment of trained health care provider. This health care facility is providing comprehensive health care services including MCH, Family Planning and vaccination. No infant mortality has been reported since the inception of health facility. The immunization status of the Child Bearing Age (CBA) and under 5 year children has improved and overall health services including medicine are being provided at subsidized cost.

The livelihood status has also improved as previously the only source of earning was through picking things from the trash and selling it and which has its own health hazards, but through the project other income generation opportunities were also provided to the community which included Qingqi Rickshaw, livestock, grocery shop etc. Besides these, vocational trainings were also provided to improve the skills of locals to generate income. While providing the opportunities the ultra-poor and vulnerable according to the poverty score card were given priority

Construction of physical infrastructure included 6985 feet of street pavement,septic tanks and 43 hand pumps/ The tattered cloth shacks were replaced with One Room Shelters (ORS) and 133 families were provided ORS including 43 kitchens and kitchen gardening material as well as  energy efficient stoves. 43 hand washing facilities,water tanks and latrines were also constructed for the community. In order to improve the physical environment of the area the CBO wasmobilized toplant 500 plants in their village. Proper drainage system, provision of water and sanitation facility along with a Recycling Waste Management System has enhanced the life standard of the community. A mosque and a community center were also built in the area.

Another major social impact is the eradication of usage of tobacco, pan and gutka. The CBO has played the major role in eradicating these bad habits from the area and due to their continuous and persistent efforts now nobody is addicted to them.

Today village Noor Muhammad has a new face and thanks to the untiring efforts of HANDS for three years that this place has turned out to be “MISALI” model of integrated development.